Mahjong – the game that everyone in the East know

China is known to be having great influences in many different aspects around the world. When one tries to search on the Chinese invention history, he would not be surprised for how long as the list goes. Chinese innovation is evolving in diverse ways over different centuries. The diversities of China innovates are undeniable.

Despite the fact of Chinese success in innovation, some people may argue that China did have very little influenced over the field of Games and Recreations, as compared to its famous innovations in other aspects. However, it is now time to announce Chinese success in this area. One of the brilliant Chinese innovations is the games that we are playing in the daily life and cannot actually live without it – the poker card.

The Card game would not be unfamiliar in the west. Countless card games exist, using the playing cards which are identical in size and shape. However, many of us may not know that the first playing card is said to be appeared in the ninth century during the Tang dynasty (June 618 – June 907) in China.

The origin of playing card is hard to be determined, but it’s generally considered as originated in the 9th century from the “leaf game” in China.

The “leaf game” is divided into four categories according to the four seasons, while playing card that we have nowadays also have a similar saying. “leaf game” is not existed in the east anymore in these centuries, but it had generated into one of the favourite games among Chinese and Asian nowadays — Mahjong.

Mahjong means Sparrow in Chinese. Its name is said to be originated from an ancient royal granary. With an existing granary, bird suffering would be born. To encourage soldiers catching these unwelcomed birds, official position gave out bamboo chips as an award for counting rewards of caught sparrows. Soldiers use these chips as tools of the leaf game and later it has been developed as the official way of playing. The evolution of this stereotype is then named Mahjong, which is the meaning of sparrow.

The game is commonly played by four players on a specific table. Similar to the Western card game, mahjong is a game of skill, strategy and calculation and involves a certain degree of chance. Among Asia, mahjong is popularly played as a gambling game, though it may just as easily be played recreationally.



It is played with a set of 136 tiles based on Chinese characters and symbols, although some regional variations use a different number of tiles. In most variations, each player begins by receiving thirteen tiles. In turn players draw and discard tiles until they complete a legal hand using the fourteenth drawn tile to form four groups of legal tiles and a pair. There are fairly standard rules about how a piece is drawn, the kinds of melds, and the order of dealing and play. However there are many regional variations in the rules; in addition, the scoring system, the minimum hand necessary to win varies significantly based on the local rules being used.

When we talk about Mahjong in Asia, most of them would regard this as a beneficial activity regardless of the age of the players. There are four namely advantages of playing mahjong:

1)    It is proved to be beneficial to good health. When one is playing mahjong, both hands is working on different tasks and his mind kept thinking about how to win the game in the same time. Overtime, hand and Brain Corporation can be trained up, and can prevent Alzheimer’s disease.

2)    It can train up children’s early art education. When the adults are playing mahjong at home, kids can also learned the strategic way to play. The sound of mahjong crashing can also increase the sense of rhythm of children.

3)    For the goodness of mental health. The victory of mahjong changes in every round and it requires calm and understanding throughout all process. This can definitely train up the state of mind of one to join the highly competitive society, to prepare to join the life difficulties with a peaceful mind.

4)    It can also strengthening the time management. Mahjong in some ways emphasizes the importance of time. When the other players are waiting for you, this is the time to hurry up. Also, the fleeting opportunity to grasp the chance of winning the game would be a good and lively way to learn about the time management.



Above all, mahjong has been the major traditional game for recreations and there must be its own attractions for the huge numbers of active players. It would be recommendable to try learning this lovely battle and taste the feeling of this exciting game. There are many online mahjong systems in the internet now and it would be a good try to learn playing this complicated yet exciting game.

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