Do People Care where their Phones come from?
Mobile phones are now the centre of people’s lives. You only have to consider the implications when it is lost or misplaced to realise the grip it has on us. No calls or texts, no email on the go, no Facebook or twitter updates, no Internet at your fingertips, no communication with the world.
Considering the impact these devices have on our lives it is strange that most people have little or no idea where their phone comes from. As far as they are concerned they come from the phone shop. They walk in to upgrade and leave with the latest model. The old one is then discarded, often passed down the mobile phone food chain to a relative. I asked some of my family and friends if they knew where their phones come from. The reaction was mixed. A lot of them say China. They would be correct in that assumption. Around half of the world’s phones are manufactured in China. I put another question to people though. How is your phone made? This has most people stumped. Not because the complexity of the devices themselves, but by asking who actually builds them. “Is it robots or humans?”, I ask. I got some interesting answers. Most people answer that it is a combination of the two, guessing that robots make the circuit boards and people assemble the basic components on a production line. Some people thought phones are so complicated now robots must do it all. In reality if a component can be assembled by hand, then it is. Robots are rare on Chinese production lines and are only used if the components cannot be assembled by hand. However it is extraordinary what Chinese workers can achieve. They can fit extremely small components together on a constant almost never ending production line without great difficulty. The cost of labour is so cheap in China compared to the cost of robots, it makes financial sense to use Chinese workers to do as much of the manufacturing as possible. The downside to this is the human cost. Long shifts doing repetitive processes can result in repetitive injury strains and health issues. This is the reality that Chinese workers face. Very long working hours doing mind numbingly repetitive tasks. How many people really consider this when using their phone? Are people aware of the human cost that goes into making their phones? Do they even care?
Most people I spoke with are aware that China is probably where their phone was made. However, they certainly were not aware of the amount of human effort goes in during the manufacturing process. I’m not suggesting that we should boycott phones made in china, nor am I suggesting any slave labour. Britain had much worse working conditions a hundred years ago and comparable working conditions the 1950’s and 60’s. The fact of the matter is that China has a huge population of workers willing to travel huge distances to work. They are highly motivated to better themselves. The jobs they take up are far better paying and much less back breaking than the usual agricultural work they may have found themselves in previously. Typical factory pay can be between around $50 – $200 dollars a month, which doesn’t sound like much. But when you factor in that this is relative and meals are only a few cents and rent can be as low as $20 – $100 a month then the standard of living is much higher than we give credit for. People in countries in Africa are in much more poverty than people in China.
I think that it is important to know about the people who are manufacturing your phones and indeed any of our goods. I think that it is important to realise that what we take for granted as a simple free upgrade, Chinese workers spend hours assembling by hand. They spend hours upon hours assembling mobile phones that they will never be able to afford.